1. Read the following synopses. And do further review – search and read 2 additional sources of information on the topic covered, and list those URLs. Write a short analysis of the issue and how we, as cybersecurity professionals, are affected and/or can respond.
16-year-old student arrested for allegedly crippling Miami school system with
Yahoo Finance, 3 Sep 2020:A 16-year-old student was arrested Thursday for allegedly bringing down Miami- Dade County Public Schools’ (M-DCPS) virtual learning platform, which had been down for several days. According to the M-DCPS, district detectives traced the IP address responsible for the attacks to the student, who is a junior at South Miami Senior High School. “The student admitted to orchestrating eight Distributed Denial-of-Service cyber attacks, designed to overwhelm District networks, including web-based systems needed for My School Online. The student used an online application to carry out these attacks and has been charged with Computer Use in an Attempt to Defraud. A 3rd-degree felony and Interference with an Educational Institution — a 2nd-degree misdemeanor,” the district — the fourth-largest in the country — said in a statement that did not name the student. According to the district statement, it faced several connectivity issues resulting from both a malicious cyberattack and software malfunction, which it attributed to a problem with software provided by Cisco Systems. Cappos tells Yahoo Finance that other school districts around the U.S. could be just as vulnerable as the Miami-Dade County Public Schools. “Are other school systems vulnerable? Absolutely,” he said, adding that school districts need to practice proper maintenance on their systems, which includes properly installing updates. He suggests schools rely on the big players in the tech space such as Zoom, Microsoft, and Google rather than their own systems. “You absolutely 100% need to install your software updates. You need to get all your systems up to date. This is the most important security thing you can do. If you’re using cloud-type services, like Zoom, you’re effectively outsourcing the security of that part of your system to the company,” he said.
2. Read the following synopses, do further review – search and read 2 additional sources of information on the topic covered, and list those URLs. Write a short analysis of the issue and how we, as cybersecurity professionals, are affected and/or can respond.
Your iPhone is tracking everywhere you go: Here’s how to find
USA Today, 8 Sep 2020: At this point, digital privacy is long gone. There’s always another device, feature or service tracking what we say, what we look at online and the places we go. Ever wonder how your iPhone is able to automatically pull up directions to work when you get in the car? Or when you leave for the day, do you wonder how your phone knows you’re heading home? It’s not only part of location services but a separate and more in-depth thing called “Significant Locations.” Prepare yourself for a shock when you look at yours. Want to know how to access it and, if you’d like, turn it off? Here are your steps: (a) Open your iPhone’s settings; (b) Tap on Privacy; (c) Select Location Services; (d) Then tap System Services; (e) Scroll down until you see Significant Locations and tap on that After entering your password or opening up your phone with FaceID, you’ll see a list of locations you’ve visited. Now, some of them may seem a bit off to you, but that’s because the location is not always precise. Tap on a place and it will open up a page with more specifics, including a map. Even if it didn’t peg you exactly right, it will have you in the area. Individually, you can edit locations so they will no longer be stored in your phone. To do that, tap on any city it had you in. Then, on the next screen, tap on the “Edit” button in the upper right-hand corner. That will bring about a red circle next to the location, which you can then tap on to remove it. If you’d like to turn off Significant Locations altogether, you just need to scroll to the top of the page that lists the city locations and tap on the green button on the top-right in the tab. Stop tracking: If you use Google Maps, you may want to shut down that tracking, too. Tap or click to turn off Google location tracking for good.